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Visual Impairment :
Special Educational Needs

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The child or young person’s health needs which relate to their SEN


The EHC plan must specify any health needs identified through the EHC needs assessment which relate to the child or young person’s SEN. Some health care needs, such as routine dental health needs, are unlikely to be related.

The Clinical Commissioning Group (CCG) may also choose to specify other health care needs which are not related to the child or young person’s SEN (for example, a long-term condition which might need management in a special educational setting).


There are a number of children and young people whose visual impairment is part of a more complex condition and who have additional health issues which can affect their education. In many cases the school with have to put a health care plan in place. It is important that it is accurate and up to date information is provided to the LA/school.

It is important to only include details which specifically relate to the child's special educational needs. A child with a complex condition could have symptoms which have no impact on his/her education. If the symptoms could have an impact in the future then they should be included.

With children with severe and profound needs (PMLD) it can be difficult to separate out the aspects of the condition which contribute to special educational needs, and part of the child's provision at school may include medical treatment such as hydrotherapy or physiotherapy. In these cases include all aspects of the condition and treatment.

The prognosis for the future should be included, i.e. is the child's condition stable or will it change in the future ?

If it is changing how will it change and how will treatment change and how will it affect the child's special educational needs ?

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