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Visual Impairment :
Special Educational Needs
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Tribunals were reorganised with the introduction of The Tribunals, Courts and Enforcement Act 2007. Main tribunals are in the first tier, while appeals against decisions are heard in the second tier.

First–tier Tribunals

There are 7 first tier chambers, plus a separate employment tribunal :

War Pensions and Armed Forces Compensation Chamber
War Pensions and Armed Forces Compensation

Social Entitlement Chamber
Asylum Support;
Social Security and Child Support;
Criminal Injuries Compensation

Health, Education and Social Care Chamber
Care Standards;
Mental Health
Special Educational Needs & Disability;
Primary Health Lists

The General Regulatory Chamber
Claims Management Services
Consumer Credit
Estate Agents
Gambling Appeals
Immigration Services
Information Rights
Local Government Standards in England;

Tax Chamber
Direct and indirect taxation
MPs expenses

Immigration and Asylum Chamber
Immigration and Asylum

Property Chamber
Residential property
Agricultural lands and drainage
Land registration

Upper (Second Tier) Tribunal

Administrative Appeals
Tax and Chancery
Immigration and Asylum

Click here to go to the Tribunal Structure Diagram at


Health, Education and Social Care Chamber of the First–tier tribunal

The Health, Education and Social Care (HESC) Chamber of the First–tier Tribunal holds the jurisdictions of Care Standards, Mental Health, Primary Health Lists and Special Educational Needs and Disability.

Care Standards
This HESC Chamber considers appeals from people who have received a decision issued by organisations concerned with children and vulnerable adults, and those which regulate the provision of social, personal and health care.

Mental Health
The HESC Chamber hears applications and references for people detained under the Mental Health Act 1983; it covers all of England. Hearings review the cases of detained patients and direct the discharge of any patients where the statutory criteria for discharge is satisfied.

Primary Health Lists
This HESC Chamber considers appeals from General Practitioners, dentists, optometrists and some pharmacists who have been removed from or are not permitted to join the performers lists of Primary Care Trusts and so are not allowed to provide NHS services in that area.

Special Educational Needs and Disability
Parents whose children have special educational needs can appeal to the HESC Chamber against decisions made by Local Authorities (LAs) in England about their children's education.

The First Tier Tribunal for Special Educational Needs & Disability was set up by the Education Act 1993. It considers parents' appeals against the decisions of Local Authorities (LA's) about children's special educational needs if parents cannot reach agreement with the LA. The Tribunal is independent. The Lord Chancellor appoints the Tribunal Judges, and the Secretary of State for Education appoints the members, but the Government cannot influence the tribunal's decision, and the tribunal has no connection with any LA.

Contact details for SEND

First-tier Tribunal (Special Educational Needs and Disability)
1st Floor, Darlington Magistrates Court 


Telephone   01325 289 350
Fax              0870 739 4017

Click the following links to go to :

SEND website

The SEND page about appealing an EHCP decision